Alcohol Treatment Centers
Alcohol treatment centers are now available in all fifty of the United
States. This is in response to the growing awareness that alcohol abuse is
a rampant and growing social phenomenon and that alcoholism is a problem
of monstrous proportions.
Growth of Alcohol Treatment Units
More than 20 million Americans are admitted alcoholics and millions more
are considered alcohol abusers who drink excessively. On top of these cold
statistics are the loved ones who are also made to suffer from this
problem. The cost in purely economic terms exceeds $100 billion dollars
annually in lost productivity,wages, accidents and claims. Alcohol abuse
wreaks havoc among some of our most productive citizens - an incredible
waste of talented people.
Excessive drinking impacts the health of individuals by greatly increasing
the risk of certain types of cancer, especially those of the
liver, esophagus, throat and larynx. It can also cause liver cirrhosis, brain
damage, and harm to unborn babies during pregnancy.
increases the risk of death through automobile accidents, recreational and
boating accidents and homicides and suicide.
Alcohol treatment centers deal with the issues of alcohol abuse in a
variety of ways. First we will examine the pharmaceutical options available, then the behavioral methods.
Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, a division of the National
Institute of Health, is running more that 50 trials on new drugs which
might help to cure alcoholism. Among the most promising of these FDA
approved drugs are Forest Laboratories' Campral, Barr Laboratories'
Naltrexone, and Alkermes/Cephalon's Vivitrol. All of the medications have
shown great promise when they have been combined into a treatment program
that includes psycho/social counseling.
Campral® is the most widely used of the anti-alcoholism
medications. Campral helps to maintain abstinence and lessen relapses. It
has few side effects and does not interact with any other medications.
Campral is taken 3 times daily in pill form.
Naltrexone® is an opiate blocker that reduces the euphoric feelings from
drinking. This helps to reduce the cravings for drinking.
Vivitrol® is the newest medication on the market for alcohol abuse
treatment. It is a monthly injectible and it is a reformulation of
Other Alcohol Treatment Methods (AA, RR, Lifering, etc.)